Wilcox

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Wilcox Surname Genealogy

English surnames such as Wilcock or Hancock married the personal
names of Will (a
pet form of William) or of Hann (a pet form of John) with the suffix cock
which
was a nickname for a young lad.
Wilcock, like Hancock, has been mainly a west
country name. It appeared as Wilkoks in
Wales, Wylcock in Somerset, and Wilcoc in Cheshire during the 13th
century. Wilcox is the main
spelling today
. Other spellings
are Willcox, Wilcock, Willcock,
and Willcocks.

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Wilcox Resources on
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Wilcox Ancestry


England. There
had been a Wilcocks family at Lydd on the Kent coast since the early
1400’s. William Wilcocks of Jacques
Court represented the port of New Romney in Parliament in 1572, as did
his
brother Edward. A descendant John
Wilcocks moved to Hitchin in Hertfordshire where he died in 1636.

But the main
Wilcox presence was west. Henry Guppy in his 1890 book Homes of
Family Names
wrote the
following about Wilcox:

“Wilcox is characteristic of Somerset, Gloucestershire,
and Nottinghamshire; Willcox of Somerset; Willcock and Willcocks of
Devon; and
Wilcock of Lancashire and the West Riding.”


Wilcox
has the largest numbers
today.
The
name extended wider than Guppy had suggested – from Somerset in the
south
through Gloucestershire and Warwickshire northwards into Staffordshire
and
further:

  • in Bristol, Barnabus Wilcox was a Quaker who departed
    with
    his family for
    Pennsylvania in 1683. He was a rope
    maker by trade.
  • in
    Warwickshire, there were local gentry Wilcox
    at
    Wolston
    near Coventry and at Tysoe near Stratford (these
    Wilcox subsequently
    moved to
    Berkshire).
  • in Staffordshire, one early record was the marriage of
    Jone and Francis Wilcox at St. Mathew church in Walsall in 1598.
  • while Robert
    Wilcox, born in Chester in 1558, was a Catholic priest who was martyred
    in
    Canterbury in 1588.

Wilcock
was the main spelling in Lancashire and across the
border in Yorkshire. A Wilcock family in Chorley dates back to
Alexander Wilcock
who married Ann Finch, the daughter of his business partner, in 1629. These Wilcocks held Wilcock farm in nearby
Rivington in the late 1600’s and later Wilcock House in Chorley (which
still
stands). Michael Wilcock, born in
Chorley in 1780, was the forebear of Wilcocks who emigrated to Canada
in the
1880’s.

A Wilcock line in
Ribblesdale in north Yorkshire dates back to William Wilcock of North
Cote in
the hamlet of Selside in 1774. He and
his descendants were farmers there and remained so until 1996 when the
farm was
sold.

Willcock and Willcocks
These have
been mainly Devon names. Simon Willcock
who died in Sheepstor in 1720 was the forebear of one Devon family. Thomas Willcocks was a piano builder in
Exeter in the 1820’s. Sadly he and three
of his children died during a cholera epidemic in the town in 1832. Mary Willcocks, born near Ermington in south
Devon, was a successful writer of romantic novels in the early 1900’s.

James and Elizabeth Willcocks were married at
Horton in nearby Dorset in 1745. By 1800
their family name had changed to Wilcox.

The origins of Captain William
Willcocks of the Bengal Horse
Artillery
at
the time of the 1857 Indian Mutiny are unclear.
But the careers of two of his sons, both born in India, were
remarkable. Sir William was a civil
engineer who proposed and built the first Aswan dam in Egypt; while Sir
James
was a British army officer who commanded the Indian
troops in
Europe during the First World War.

Wilcockson. Wilcockson
was another spelling variant, found really only in Derbyshire. Some Wilcocksons emigrated in the 17th
century to America where they later became Wilcox.

Ireland. Wilcocks was a family name
found in the 1659
Dublin census. Quaker Wilcocks, possibly
from Bristol, settled there and prospered.
Joshua Wilcocks was a Dublin merchant in the 1690’s, followed by
his son
Issachar. Robert Wilcocks grew rich at
the Quaker stronghold of Mountmellick and had money enough to purchase
the
Palmerston estate outside Dublin in 1705.

When Robert died in 1711, he left the
property to his nephew, also Robert. He
and his son Robert held Palmerston until 1763.
There were two later offspring – Joseph and Richard Willcocks,
dubbed the traitor and the knight
– who had
contrasting fortunes. Joseph left for
Canada where he was considered a traitor.
Richard stayed in Ireland, became Deputy Inspector of the Royal
Irish
Constabulary, and was knighted on his retirement.

America. There were three
main early lines into New England, none of whom apparently coming from
the west
country of England:

  • William and Margaret Wilcockson from Derbyshire who
    arrived
    on the Planter in 1635 and settled in
    Stratford, Connecticut. The family name
    here became Wilcox by the 1700’s.
  • Edward and Susanna Wilcox from Lincolnshire
    who came to Rhode Island around 1638. Benjamin
    Wilcox of this family was among the Loyalists who
    departed for
    Canada with his family in 1787.
  • and John Wilcox from Suffolk who was recorded as
    one of the first settlers of Hartford, Connecticut in 1639. His son John moved to Middletown in 1653.

The
line of William Wilcockson
was
covered in Thomas Wilcox’s 1963 book Descendants
of William Wilcockson of Derbyshire and Stratford
.

Among his descendants
were Josiah Wilcox who migrated to Ohio, Abner Wilcox a missionary to
Hawaii,
and Edward Wilcox a doctor in Illinois, plus a number who made their
home in
upstate New York:

  • Levi Wilcox came to Ticonderoga as a practicing
    physician. His dedication led to his
    death in 1837, being thrown from his horse and getting killed while on
    a
    mission of mercy.
  • while Lester Wilcox settled in Montgomery county. His son William fought in the Civil War, but
    was captured in 1863 and spent fifteen months in Confederate prisons.

Pennsylvania.
Barnabus Wilcox was a Quaker from Bristol who emigrated to
Philadelphia
in 1683 with his wife and five children.
Barnabus died there seven years later.

George Wilcockson from Derbyshire,
also a Quaker, arrived in Chester county in 1719. John,
maybe his son, was born a year later
and married
Sarah Boone, sister of the famous frontiersman Daniel Boone. They raised many children, went with Daniel
into Kentucky, and were commemorated on the Fort Boonesborough
monument.

John’s
descendants were known as Boonies. Several
of their lines did change their name from Wilcockson to Wilcox; while
others
held onto Wilcockson or a variation thereof.

One Wilcox line via
Isaiah Wilcox led to North Carolina and the Baptist preacher the Rev.
Billy
Wilcox. Reuben Wilcox was a house member
of the Greene County Assembly in 1818.
One son John served in the Confederate Congress during the Civil
War,
another son Cadmus was a Confederate general.

California. Harvey Wilcox, born in New
York, and his wife
Ida moved out to Los Angeles in 1883.

“Harvey and Ida had one child, a son named
Harry, who died in 1886 at the age of 18 months. Family
tradition said that to console
themselves over the death of their baby, Harvey and Ida would take
buggy rides
to the beautiful canyons west of Los Angeles. Harvey then purchased one
of
their favorite areas for $150 per acre.”


His wife named the tract Hollywood. By the
early 1900’s Hollywood
had become the center of the American movie industry.

Hawaii. There were two Yankee Wilcox
lines in
Hawaii.

Abner Wilcox from Connecticut arrived as a missionary in 1837 and made
his home at Hilo. His sons Albert and
George developed sugar plantations on the islands and became prominent
landowners.

Captain William Wilcox from Rhode Island arrived on a whaling ship
in 1843 and married a local woman. Their
son Robert, known as the Iron Duke of Hawaii, took up the Hawaiian
cause and
led uprisings against both the old compromised monarchy and the
subsequent American
republic in the late 1800’s. He was
elected as the first delegate to the US Congress from Hawaii.

Canada.
There were some early Wilcoxes from Rhode Island in America who
came to
Canada:

  • Benjamin Wilcox arrived in Nova Scotia in 1760 soon after
    the French had
    left. He was recorded as dying there in
    1813 at the age of ninety-three.
    It is thought that James Wilcox – who was born in
    1819 and established the Wilcox hardware business in Windsor, Nova
    Scotia – was
    a descendant.
  • Hazard Wilcox, the son of Edward and Mercy
    Wilcox and an Empire Loyalist, fled with his family to Canada in 1777
    after
    losing his property in New York following the Battle of Bennington. He died in battle three years later. His son Hazard made his home on land granted
    to the family in Leeds county, Ontario. However,
    he later returned to America, settling in Missouri
    in 1812.
  • and
    another Benjamin Wilcox, the son of William and Deborah Wilcox and also
    a
    Loyalist, arrived from New Jersey in 1787. He
    settled in Grimsby in Lincoln county, Ontario. In
    later life he moved in with his son
    Richard near Simcoe in Norfolk county where he died in 1812. Many of Richard’s offspring later returned to
    the US.

William
Willcocks and his nephew Joseph
both left Ireland for Canada under something of a cloud – William
because of
his failed business enterprises and Joseph for his suspected support
for the
1798 Irish Rebellion. Both ended up in
Toronto. William’s failures
continued. Joseph turned traitor and
joined the Americans during the War of 1812.


Australia.
Wilcox brothers
from St. Neots in Huntingdonshire began emigrating to South Australia. First in 1858 came the eldest son Thomas who
established a successful grocery and drapery business in Gawler. His brothers George, Emery and Joseph soon
joined him.

It was George Wilcox who returned with his bride Annie on the City
of Adelaide
in 1864 who was to have the greatest success. His
first
business was based on his acumen in buying and importing goods from
Britain and
Europe and selling them in South Australia.
He later became a wool and produce merchant, specializing
in hides
and skins.

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Wilcox Miscellany

If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:



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Wilcox Names

Thomas Wilcox was a controversial
Puritan scholar and preacher in London in the late 1500’s.

Robert Wilcox
,
known as the Iron Duke of Hawaii, led uprisings against the old
compromised monarchy
and the new American republic there in the late 1800’s.

Sir James Willcocks
, born in India, was a British army officer held
high command over Indian troops on the Western Front during the First
World
War.
Herbert
Wilcox
was one of the most successful British
film-makers from the 1920’s to 1950’s.
He is best known for the films he made with his wife Anna Neagle
.

Select Wilcox Today

  • 24,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in Lancashire)
  • 26,000 in America (most numerous in California)
  • 13,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Canada)

 

 

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