Young Surname Genealogy

Young from the Middle English yunge generally
described the younger of two bearers of the same name, either a younger
or a son.   The early surname
spelling in England was Yonge.  A
Scottish variant has been Younger.

Young Resources on

England.   The
Yonges of Bristol
date from 1385 and possibly earlier.  Sir John
Yonge was courtier to Henry VIII and Queen Elizabeth.
The Yonge family of Colyton in Devon is
believed to have been related to this family.  Their numbers later

  • Walter Yonge, the Devon merchant whose diaries over the
    period 1604 to
    1645 are now with the British Museum.
  • and Sir George Yonge, who was British
    Secretary at War from 1782 to 1794.

was a 17th century naval surgeon
from Devon who became Mayor of Plymouth.
The naval Young family of Plymouth was related, including
William Young who saw service during the Napoleonic wars.

Meanwhile the Yonges from
Bryn Iorcyn near Wrexham in north Wales dated from the 15th century.  Sir Richard Yonge was a courtier to James I
got lucky:

“After dinner while riding on horseback, the King’s horse
and cast His Majesty into the New river where the ice broke and he fell
in, so
that nothing but his boots was seen.  Sir
Richard Yonge following alighted and went into the water and lifted him
out.  There came out much water of his
mouth and body.”

Sir Richard Yonge was made a Knight of the Order of the Garter
and later a baronet.  Ellis Yonge of this
family was a substantial 18th century landowner in north Wales, but
left no
male heirs.

Yonge has persisted as a surname
in England, but was generally superseded during the 16th and 17th
centuries by
Young.  By the 1891 census,
Young name was mainly to be found, not in the southwest of the country
as the
Yonge name might suggest, but in the north (one third of the Youngs)
and in the
southeast (another one third).  London
and Durham had the largest concentrations

Scotland.  The Young name first surfaced in
Scotland in the 14th century and has been mainly found in the Lowlands
around Perthshire.

The Youngs were one of the Scottish border clans, not
one of the larger ones, but a clan that could possibly muster 200-400
men at
arms.  They were to be found in the Bowmont
valley and at Otterburn.  After the
Border pacification in the early 1600’s, many of these Youngs dispersed.

John Young accompanied Mary Queen of Scots as her chamberlain on her
from France to Scotland in 1561.  He
received from her the grant of Leny manor in the Trossachs.  His grandson William, however, was a Jacobite
supporter in 1715 and had to abandon these estates and flee Scotland
for the

Sir Peter Young, born in Dundee in 1544, was appointed the tutor to
Mary’s son James, later to become the Scottish and English king.  Son Patrick followed him to England in the
King’s service, son John became Dean of Winchester.
Another line via his son Peter led to the
Youngs of Auldbar
in Angus.

Ireland.  The Rev. John Young of the
Auldbar family in Scotland came to Ulster in 1615 and was granted lands
Strabane in Tyrone and Coolkeiragh in Derry.
The Youngs of Bailieborough castle in county Cavan (the Barons
Lisgar) were
descended from him.  Youngs continued in Strabane.

A Young family owned the Braid
Water spinning mill in Ballymena, county Antrim in the 19th century and
the town’s largest employer.  The family
also owned Galgorm castle and an estate of 2,000 acres.

Caribbean.  Dr. William Young
fled Scotland for Antigua in 1715 where he started a sugar plantation.  His family prospered there and his son
William, made a baronet, was the first colonial Governor of Dominica in
1770.  Two later baronets of this family
died in the Crimean War.

America.   John Youngs from Norfolk
(of Welsh Yonge roots) came with his family to Salem, Massachusetts in
1637.  They later crossed the Long Island Sound in 1640 and
Southold, the first permanent English settlement in New York.
brother Joseph followed him there in 1649.  Young descendants were
at Southold in 1900.  A branch under
Elijah Young had moved to Ohio in the 1850’s.

The lineage of Brigham Young,
who succeeded Joseph Smith as leader of the Mormon church, started with
John Young
the New England immigrant in 1629.  His descendants moved to
Hopkinton in
Middlesex county, which was where Brigham’s father John Hayden Young was born in
1763.  Brigham was his ninth
child. Brigham himself was to marry 26 times, from whence came 62

Henry Young
Scotland was shipwrecked off Cape Cod in the 1760’s.
He became the first schoolmaster on
Martha’s Vineyard

are more Youngs in America than in the UK, with names such as the Dutch
and the German Jung and Junk having been Americanized to Young.

John Young, a British seaman from Lancashire, was left in Hawaii
his American captain departed with their ship in 1790.
He became an important advisor to the King
during the early contacts with Europeans.
He lived the rest of his life in Hawaii, dying there in 1835 at
the age
of 93 and leaving a large family.

Young Miscellany

If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:

Young Names

Arthur Young was a writer on rural
affairs in England during the 18th
James Young
was a 19th century
Scottish chemist whose method of extracting paraffin from
coal earned himself the nickname of “Paraffin” Young.
Brigham Young led the Mormons
to Salt Lake City.
Cy Young was an early baseball
pitcher after whom the Cy Young award in baseball is named.
Loretta Young was a well-known
Andrew Young was one of the
leading civil right activists in the 1960’s.
Neil Young is a distinctive
guitarist and singer-songwriter from Canada.

Select Youngs Today

  • 132,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in Essex)
  • 176,000 in America (most numerous in Texas)
  • 107,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Australia)



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