Walpole

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Walpole Surname Genealogy

The Walpole surname came from the Walpole place-name at
Marshland near the
Wash in Norfolk. Walpole, recorded
as Walepol
in a Saxon charter in 1050, derived from the Old English words welle
and
pol meaning “a pool surrounded by a wall.”
According to the 1868 National Gazetteer, Walpole
was situated by
a Roman sea-wall
.

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Walpole Resources on
The
Internet

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Walpole Ancestry


England. Norfolk
was the county with the highest number of Walpoles in the 1881 UK census.

The forefather of the Walpole family in
Norfolk is thought to have been Reginald de Walpole who lived at
Walpole in the
early 1100’s. A Walpole line established
itself a century or so later at Houghton and they became merchants in
King’s
Lynn who rose to gentry status by early Tudor times.

However, because they were Catholics, they dropped
out of public life under Elizabeth and were all but extinguished as a
family. Some of them had become Jesuit
priests – including Henry Walpole the
martyr
who was executed in York in
1595 in the barbaric fashion of being hung, drawn and quartered.

The
Walpole line did survive and eventually prospered through the only
Protestant
branch at Houghton. This line, the
line of the Sir Robert Walpole
the future Prime Minister, began
four
generations earlier with Calibut Walpole in the late 1500’s.

These Walpoles were
pre-eminent in England during the 1700’s:

  • Sir Robert Walpole, who might be
    considered Britain’s first Prime Minister, held that position for over
    twenty
    years – from 1721 to 1742.
    Created
    the Earl of Orford, he used his wealth to build his palatial home at
    Houghton
    Hall.
  • whilst
    his youngest son Horace Walpole was the celebrated writer, art
    historian, man of letters, and Whig politician later in the
    century. He made his home at Strawberry Hill in Twickenham, the
    neo-Gothic house he had built in the 1750’s overlooking the Thames.

Charlotte Walpole was an illegitimate niece of
Horace Walpole. She

enjoyed a short career on the London stage in the 1770’s before moving
to
France where she was recruited as an agent and spy for the royalists. Her activities had no success despite her
spending considerable sums of her fortune on her missions.

Among later Walpoles were politicians, army
officers, and clergymen. Somerset
Walpole was an Anglican priest in New Zealand and New York before being
appointed Bishop of Edinburgh in 1910.
His son Hugh Walpole was a popular English novelist of the
1920’s and
1930’s.

Sir William Walpole moved into real estate in
the 1930’s which later proved highly profitable. The
Walpole Estate had an estimated £7.5
billion in assets in 2012. The holdings
of the Walpole Estate are held by the grandchildren and
great-grandchildren of
Sir William Walpole.

Ireland. William Walpole was an
English Quaker who
came to Laios (then Queen’s county) in the late 1600’s and settled in
the
Mountmellick area. Later Walpoles did
well in the linen industry. Edward
Walpole invested its profits in the nid-19th century into ornamental gardens
at Mount Usher
in county Wicklow.
These gardens remained with the Walpole family until 1980.

There were
other Walpoles in Leitrim from the 18th century.

America. The
following two Walpoles who came to America were from Ireland:

  • Mathew Walpole
    from Leitrim came to New York in 1816, followed by his two sons Martin
    and
    Mathew a year later. The family settled
    in Morgan county, Ohio.
  • while Richard Walpole arrived in 1836 and farmed at
    Schenectady in upstate New York. His son
    Thomas ran
    a general truck and express business in Oswego.

Australia.
Henry
Walpole from Little Harrowden in Northamptonshire came with his family
to South
Australia on the Bolivar in 1850.
Henry built the Bolivar Hotel in Burton and ran it from 1854 to
1866. He died at Kapunda in 1875
.


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Walpole Miscellany

If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:



Select
Walpole Names

Sir Robert Walpole, Britain’s first Prime Minister, held that position for
over twenty years
– from 1721 to 1742.
Horace Walpole
was a celebrated writer, art
historian, man of letters, and Whig politician in the mid/late 1700’s.

Hugh
Walpole
was a popular English novelist of the 1920’s
and 1930’s who subsequently fell out of favor
.

Select Walpoles Today

  • 3,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in Norfolk)
  • 1,000 in America (most numerous in Texas)
  • 1,300 elsewhere (most numerous in Australia)

 

 

 

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