Tindall Surname Meaning, History & Origin

Select Tindall Meaning
Tynedale, the valley of the river Tyne in Northumberland,
from the Celtic word tina meaning ‘to
flow” and the old English word doel
meaning “valley.”  The first person to
bear the name was Adam de Tindale, a Saxon baron at Tynedale in
12th century who
had adopted the Norman name-style.
“The pipe rolls at that time were written in
Latin which explained the use of ‘i’ rather than ‘y’ in the name.  There is no ‘y’ in Latin.”

Tindall and Tyndall
are the modern versions
of the name

Tindall/Tyndall Resources on

Tindall/Tyndall Ancestry

Tyndale name probably began with the
Tyndale barony in Northumberland
in the
12th century.  But the principal male line
there died out a
century or so later and left little trace in Northumberland.

Thus one must
search elsewhere for Tyndales, Tyndalls, and Tindalls.

The senior Tyndale line
became the Tyndalls of Tansover in Northamptonshire who were then
followed by
the Tyndalls at Hockwald in Norfolk and at Mapplestead in Essex.  It was said that two members of this family were
offered, and declined,
the throne of Bohemia in the 15th

There was also a Tyndale line at Melksham
Court in Gloucestershire, from whom, it is believed, came William Tyndale,
the first man in 1525 to translate the Bible into English (he was later
at the stake for this heresy).

When the male Tyndall line
at Mapplestead died out in the 17th century, seniority was then said to
passed to the Rev. John Tindal, the rector of Bere Ferris in
Devon.  His eldest
son Matthew Tindal was a controversial religious writer of the early
1700’s, as
was his nephew the Rev. Nicolas Tindal:

  • Matthew’s two brothers Thomas and
    Richard emigrated to New Jersey; while his other brother John was the
    father of
  • the line from Nicolas led to
    Sir Nicolas Tindal who was the Lord Chief Justice of England from 1829
    to 1845
    and to his son Louis Tindal, made a vice-admiral of the Royal Navy in
    1874.  This Tindal line was also to be
    found at
    Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire.

There have been other Tindalls and Tyndalls.
The 1881 census recorded some 2,000 Tindalls
and Tyndalls in England, of which 43% were to be found in Yorkshire and
15% in

Yorkshire.  One
branch of the main family was based from the 1500’s at Brotherton in
Yorkshire near Selby.  The last male of
this line was Bradwardin Tindall.  He left
an only daughter whose daughter was the mother of the General Wolfe who
was killed
at the capture of Quebec in 1759.

A Tindall family of uncertain origins were shipbuilders at Scarborough from the
17th to the mid-19th century.  The
Tindall name also appeared at Cowlam and Rillington in Yorkshire.  Mike Tindall – the rugby player who married
Zara, daughter of Princess Anne, in 2008 – has his roots in north

Lincolnshire.  The earliest recorded
was probably Gervase
Tyndall, a schoolmaster at Grantham in 1535.
Robert, the son of Henry Tindall, was born at Scopwick in 1592.  He moved to Coleby where his family

brothers, William and Robert Tyndall, were very successful Bristol
merchants in
the 16th century.  However, they did not
come from Bristol.  They appear to have
been the sons of a husbandman, Thomas Tyndall, of Belton in

Ireland.  Tyndalls from
Gloucestershire came to Ireland at the time of Cromwell, with John
being granted land in Wexford in 1658.
His descendants were local gentry in New Ross, holding estates
Ballyanne House and Berkeley Forest.

Tyndalls in Waterford and Carlow also had
Gloucestershire roots.  John Tyndall from
Carlow, born in Leighlinbridge in 1820, became a world-renowned
scientist, best
remembered today for explaining why the sky is blue.
One Tyndall line in Waterford led to John
Tyndall, the founder of the British National Front party in the 1980’s.

America.  Two early
arrivals in New Jersey, as part of Fenwick’s colony, were the brothers
and Richard Tindall from Devon in 1678.
Thomas was the progenitor of the Tindalls of Mercer county, New

Robert Tindall is thought to have migrated south from Mercer county to South Carolina in
the 1760’s.  He may have been the reason
for much of the Tindall population in South Carolina, notably in

Alexander Tindall from South Carolina was one of the first
Baptist ministers to circuit the state of Florida.
He made his home in Osceola county where he
married the daughter of an Indian chief.
He died there in 1899.  His son
George was an early settler in Palm Beach.
George’s cracker-style house, built in 1892, is considered the
existing home in Palm Beach county.

Tindall arrived in North Carolina from England via Philadelphia in the
1760’s.  His family later spelled
themselves Tyndall and settled in Greene county.

Robinson Tyndale from Carlow in
Ireland came to Philadelphia in 1804 and established himself as a china
glass merchant, as did his son Hector.
Through Robinson’s wife Sarah, an abolitionist, they were close
friends with
the poet Walt Whitman.  Another son of
the family, Sharon, moved to Illinois and served as its Secretary of

Australia.  Two early arrivals were

  • Daniel
    Tyndall from Surrey was found guilty of treason for his part under the
    Conspiracy to kill King George III.  Initially
    he was given the barbaric sentence of being hung,
    drawn and
    quartered.  This was then commuted to
    transportation for life.  He departed for
    Sydney on the Duke of Portland in
  • while John Tindall
    was given
    the death sentence at York Assizes in 1809 for burglary.
    This was also commuted to transportation for
    life.  He departed for Sydney on the Indian in 1810.

Both wives and their
children followed them to Australia on later dates.
Daniel lived until 1827, John to 1836.

Tindal, the grandson of Sir Nicolas Tindal, came out to New South Wales
in 1843
and prospered as a cattle breeder and meat processor.
At its peak Charles’s meat processing company slaughtered
35,000 beasts
a year and was well established on the English market.
One of his descendants Archibald Tindal was
killed during the bombing of Darwin in 1942.
After the war Carson’s Airfield was renamed RAAF Base Tindal in

Irish Tyndalls came to Australia.  Robert
Tyndall was in
Melbourne in 1855 and may have joined his brother Joseph, who arrived
years later, on a goldmining expedition to New Zealand.
Their father William had been born in Carlow
and was probably related to the scientist John Tyndall.


Tindall/Tyndall Miscellany

The Tyndale Barony in Northumberland.  The earliest feudal records indicate that an Adam de
Tindale was the feudal baron of South Tynedale and of Langley
castle, both
in Northumberland.  Considering the
dates, his position and territorial designation, it is probable that
this baron
was either the son or grandson of Uchtred, the Saxon lord of Tyndale
and of Princess
Bethoc of Scotland.

Adam was succeeded by his son Adam who held the barony
during the reign of Richard I of England, paid 100 pounds for his
relief, with
livery of his land, in 1194.  He appears
to have died in 1224.  He left two daughters who became co-heirs
to the Tyndale barony
and to Langley castle.

The elder, Philippa, married Adam Nicholas de Bolteby and
conveyed to her husband the barony of South Tynedale.  It passed
inheritance in the female line to the Earls of Northumberland.

William Tyndale and the English Bible.  William Tyndale was born around 1494 in Gloucestershire
and educated at Oxford and Cambridge University where he became a
supporter of church reform. He was ordained as a priest around 1521.

Two years
later Tyndale moved to London with the intention of translating the New
Testament into English, an act that was strictly forbidden.  He passionately believed that the Bible
should determine the practice and doctrine of the Church and that
people should
be able to read the Bible in their own language. Tyndale was setting
against the established Church in England as these sorts of ideas were
associated with Martin Luther and other controversial Protestant

In 1524 Tyndale left England for Germany with the aid of
merchants. He hoped to continue his translation work in greater safety
sought out the help of Martin Luther at Wittenberg.
Just one year after his English New Testament
was completed and printed in Cologne in 1525, copies were being
smuggled into
England – the first ever Bibles written in the English vernacular.

work was denounced by authorities of the Catholic Church and Tyndale
was accused of heresy.  He went into hiding and began work on a
translation of
the Old Testament directly from Hebrew into English.
The emissaries of King Henry VIII and
Cardinal Thomas Wolsey were unable to track him down and the location
Tyndale’s hiding place has remained a mystery to this day.

Henry VIII’s break
with the Catholic Church in 1534 signaled the beginning of the English
Reformation and Tyndale believed it was safe to carry on his work in
public.  He
moved to Antwerp and began to live more openly.

But soon afterwards Tyndale was
betrayed by his friend Henry Phillips. He was arrested for heresy and
imprisoned for over 500 days in Vilvoorde castle.  On
6 October 1536, Tyndale was tried and
convicted of heresy and treason and put to death by being strangled and
at the stake.  It was reported that
Tyndale’s last words before his death were “Lord, open the King of
England’s eyes.”

By this time several thousand copies of his New Testament
had been printed.  Just three years later
Henry VIII had published his own English Great
based on Tyndale’s work.

Tindalls and Tyndalls Today

Numbers (000’s) Tindall Tyndall Total
UK    3.4    0.6    4.0
America    3.2    2.4    5.6
Elsewhere    1.9    0.8    2.7
Total    8.5    3.8   12.3

The Tindall Family at Scarborough.  The Tindall
family have a long history as shipbuilders in Scarborough from the 17th
century.  When James Tindall died
in 1748, the Tindall yard passed to his son John.

This John married and they
bought the King Richard III house at Sandside from the Cockerill
family.  Their ten children were born
there.  When Robert
Tindall was born in 1764, there were ten gallons of gin at
the bed-head
for visitors.

The house became Robert’s residence and then was used as
Tindall’s office and store-room.  Plans
show the stems of ships being built on the sands opposite and reaching
his house.  The Tindalls vacated the
building in 1801.

The shipbuilding ended at Scarborough in 1863.

Reader Feedback – Robert Tindall from Fenwick’s Colony to South Carolina.  Robert Tindall is my fourth great grandfather. Can you tell me if there is any documentation of his having been at Fenwick’s Colony?  For two decades I lived across the river in Delaware without learning this!

I have looked at the plots of land around Robert’s and see that they were granted at very different times, so he was not part of a group immigration that arrived in Charleston together, like my Copelands. He could very well have come down from the mid-Atlantic.

Thanks, Hershel Parker (argulusezekiel@gmail.com)

John Tindall, Convict to Australia.  John Tindall was born in Willitoft near Bubwith in the East Riding of Yorkshire in 1779, the son of John and Frances Tindall
Hawkins.  He married Charlotte Thompson in 1802 at Bubwith and
they had
four children.

In 1809, however, he was tried for burglary at York
having been found guilty of stealing two quarters of linseed and two
sacks.  The prosecution alleged that he
was part of a dangerous gang and he was given the death penalty.  This was later commuted to transportation for
life to Australia.

John was transported from England on the Indian in July 1810.  The Indian arrived
in Australia in December that
year.  His wife Charlotte followed him
and arrived in Sydney in October 1811 aboard the Friends.  She presumably brought their four children,
although if the death dates are correct the three eldest died in 1815.  They had a further five children born in

John was granted his ticket of leave in early 1812 after
helped to build a new road over the mountains.
But his health was never good, after having suffered a paralytic
stoke.  The family struggled to survive, as
following document from 1824 revealed:

“John Tindall is conditionally free and
lives on a rented farm by his industry, on which he maintains his wife
joined him free in this colony) and six children.  He
finds his most industrious and persevering
efforts barely adequate to a mere subsistence for his family and having
received any land or other indulgence from the Government, he now
your Excellency in humble hope of being considered worthy to
participate in
your bounty.”

John died in the Sydney suburb of Castlereagh in 1836,
fifty-nine.  Three of his sons – William,
George and John – did live to a sixty plus age.
They had moved away from Sydney and settled at Cowra in the
Highlands of NSW.


Tindall/Tyndall Names

  • Adam de Tindale was the Saxon baron in Northumberland in the 12th century who is considered to be the progenitor of later Tyndalls and Tindalls. 
  • William Tyndale was in 1525 the first man to
    translate the Bible into English.  For this he was convicted of
    heresy and burnt at the stake. 
  • John Tyndall from Carlow in Ireland was one of the greatest
    scientists of the 19th century. 
    He is best remembered popularly as the man who
    first explained why the sky is blue. 
  • Sir Stephen Tindall has been the founder of the very successful The Warehouse retail chain in New Zealand.

Select Tindall/Tyndall Numbers Today

  • 4,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in Yorkshire)
  • 5,000 in America (most numerous in South Carolina)
  • 3,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Australia)




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