Walpole Surname Meaning, History & Origin

Select Walpole Meaning
The Walpole surname came from the Walpole place-name at
Marshland near the
Wash in Norfolk. Walpole, recorded
as Walepol
in a Saxon charter in 1050, derived from the Old English words welle
and
pol meaning “a pool surrounded by a wall.”
According to the 1868 National Gazetteer, Walpole
was situated by
a Roman sea-wall
.

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Walpole Resources on
The
Internet

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Walpole Ancestry


England. Norfolk
was the county with the highest number of Walpoles in the 1881 UK census.

The forefather of the Walpole family in
Norfolk is thought to have been Reginald de Walpole who lived at
Walpole in the
early 1100’s. A Walpole line established
itself a century or so later at Houghton and they became merchants in
King’s
Lynn who rose to gentry status by early Tudor times.

However, because they were Catholics, they dropped
out of public life under Elizabeth and were all but extinguished as a
family. Some of them had become Jesuit
priests – including Henry Walpole the
martyr
who was executed in York in
1595 in the barbaric fashion of being hung, drawn and quartered.

The
Walpole line did survive and eventually prospered through the only
Protestant
branch at Houghton. This line, the
line of the Sir Robert Walpole
the future Prime Minister, began
four
generations earlier with Calibut Walpole in the late 1500’s.

These Walpoles were
pre-eminent in England during the 1700’s:

  • Sir Robert Walpole, who might be
    considered Britain’s first Prime Minister, held that position for over
    twenty
    years – from 1721 to 1742.
    Created
    the Earl of Orford, he used his wealth to build his palatial home at
    Houghton
    Hall.
  • whilst
    his youngest son Horace Walpole was the celebrated writer, art
    historian, man of letters, and Whig politician later in the
    century. He made his home at Strawberry Hill in Twickenham, the
    neo-Gothic house he had built in the 1750’s overlooking the Thames.

Charlotte Walpole was an illegitimate niece of
Horace Walpole. She

enjoyed a short career on the London stage in the 1770’s before moving
to
France where she was recruited as an agent and spy for the royalists. Her activities had no success despite her
spending considerable sums of her fortune on her missions.

Among later Walpoles were politicians, army
officers, and clergymen. Somerset
Walpole was an Anglican priest in New Zealand and New York before being
appointed Bishop of Edinburgh in 1910.
His son Hugh Walpole was a popular English novelist of the
1920’s and
1930’s.

Sir William Walpole moved into real estate in
the 1930’s which later proved highly profitable. The
Walpole Estate had an estimated £7.5
billion in assets in 2012. The holdings
of the Walpole Estate are held by the grandchildren and
great-grandchildren of
Sir William Walpole.

Ireland. William Walpole was an
English Quaker who
came to Laios (then Queen’s county) in the late 1600’s and settled in
the
Mountmellick area. Later Walpoles did
well in the linen industry. Edward
Walpole invested its profits in the nid-19th century into ornamental gardens
at Mount Usher
in county Wicklow.
These gardens remained with the Walpole family until 1980.

There were
other Walpoles in Leitrim from the 18th century.

America. The
following two Walpoles who came to America were from Ireland:

  • Mathew Walpole
    from Leitrim came to New York in 1816, followed by his two sons Martin
    and
    Mathew a year later. The family settled
    in Morgan county, Ohio.
  • while Richard Walpole arrived in 1836 and farmed at
    Schenectady in upstate New York. His son
    Thomas ran
    a general truck and express business in Oswego.

Australia.
Henry
Walpole from Little Harrowden in Northamptonshire came with his family
to South
Australia on the Bolivar in 1850.
Henry built the Bolivar Hotel in Burton and ran it from 1854 to
1866. He died at Kapunda in 1875
.

 


Select
Walpole Miscellany

Walpoles in the 1881 Census

County Numbers Percent
Norfolk    290    25
Lincolnshire     60     5
Suffolk     70     6
London    220    18
Surrey     80     8
Elsewhere    460    38
Total   1,180   100

Henry Walpole, Jesuit Martyr.  Perhaps the most famous native of the Norfolk village of Docking was Henry Walpole, a Jesuit priest who was born there in 1558,
the
eldest son of Christopher Walpole.

Raised
as a Protestant, Walpole converted to Catholicism after witnessing the
execution of Edmund Campion in 1581 at very close hand. He was
reportedly so
close to Campion that his clothes were spattered with Campion’s blood
when he
was slain.

Walpole took Catholic orders.  He
then fled London for his father’s home in Norfolk and from
there he escaped his persecutors to France.

He
was later sent back secretly to England, landing at Flamborough in
Yorkshire in
1590.  He was arrested and imprisoned at
York, before being moved to the Tower of London where he was tortured
on the
rack numerous times. He was eventually
tried and convicted in York for the crime of Catholic priesthood,
before being
hanged, drawn, and quartered in 1595.

Sir Robert Walpole’s Houghton Line.  

Calibut Walpole (1561-1646) m. Elizabeth Bacon (who died
in 1646)

– Robert Walpole (1593-1663) m. Susan Barkham (1595-1622)

— Sir Edward Walpole (1621-1667), MP for King’s Lynn, m. Susan Crane (1630-1667)

— Robert Walpole (1650-1700), MP for Castle Rising, m. Mary Burwell (1654-1711)

—- Sir Robert Walpole (1676-1745), 1st Earl of Orford, m. Catherine Shorter (died in 1737).

Walpole’s Suckling Sword.  Galfridus Walpole
was a younger brother of Britain’s first Prime Minister Sir Robert
Walpole.  In his youth he had joined the
Royal Navy.  While commanding the Lion
in 1711, his ship was engaged in battle with the French off the
Italian
coastline.  He was so badly injured
during the exchange of fire that his right arm had to be amputated by
the
ship’s surgeon.

According to legend, his
sword, used on HMS Lion,
was given to the young Horatio Nelson who
was reported to have been carrying it when he too lost his right arm in
the
Battle of Santa Cruz in 1797.

The Walpole sword, which had a silver-hilted
hanger with a 60 cm curved blade, was made by Nixon Cutlers of
London.  Due to its provenance, the sword
is known as the Galfridus Walpole – Suckling Sword, having been
given to
Walpole’s godson and great nephew Maurice Suckling whose sister
Catherine
Suckling was Nelson’s mother.
William Suckling, Maurice’s brother, gave the sword to Nelson
who wore
his uncle’s valued gift in his early career.
The sword appears to have been returned subsequently to the
Suckling
family.

It was sold at auction by Sotheby’s in 2003 for 36,000 pounds, described as “believed to be that
carried by Captain (later Admiral Lord) Horatio Nelson.”

The Walpoles at Mount Usher in Wicklow.  The Walpole family had made a fortune in the
thriving linen industry in Northern Ireland in the 19th century.  Like many families of that type at that time
who
had become successful and wealthy, they reinvested much of their wealth
into
meaningful artefacts of beauty and splendor or works undertaken for
the
greater common good.

In the Walpoles’ case, Edward – the scion of the family
in
the mid 1880’s – took it upon himself to design and plant the gardens
at Mount
Usher in county Wicklow.

Initially he had stayed at Hunters Hotel.
During his visits there had become friendly
with a local miller Sam Sutton. In due course, seeing the possibilities
of the
beautiful setting, he initially bought the mill and two acres and then
set
about his life’s work.

Inspired by the ideas and ideals of William Robinson,
Edward started designing a garden of his own. William Robinson had more
or less
created the idea of a ‘managed wild garden’ and this sheltered setting
in the
idyllic River Vartry valley was the perfect place to realize these
ideas.

Over
the next four generations the Walpole’s bought more land, and continued
to
plant, design, and enhance Edward senior’s original and visionary work.
Elegant
weirs and bridges were designed by Thomas Walpole and planting and
inspired
design continued apace as the property was handed down from generation
to
generation, until finally, over one hundred years later, the Walpole’s
association with Mount Usher finally ended in 1980.

 



Select
Walpole Names

Sir Robert Walpole, Britain’s first Prime Minister, held that position for
over twenty years
– from 1721 to 1742.
Horace Walpole
was a celebrated writer, art
historian, man of letters, and Whig politician in the mid/late 1700’s.

Hugh
Walpole
was a popular English novelist of the 1920’s
and 1930’s who subsequently fell out of favor
.

Select Walpole Numbers Today

  • 3,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in Norfolk)
  • 1,000 in America (most numerous in Texas)
  • 1,300 elsewhere (most numerous in Australia)

 

Select Walpole and Like Surnames

Many surnames have come from East Anglia (Norfolk and Suffolk) and surrounding areas in eastern England.  These are some of the noteworthy surnames that you can check out.

BaconLincolnPackardTownsend
CavendishMannRedgraveUnwin
EastNoyesSpaldingWalpole

 

 

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